“Utility of Healthy Ego in vibrant society.”

By

T. Madhusudhana rao , research scholar, Spiritual Awareness Program ( SAP ), Hyderabad . ( India ).

Key Words – ego,human being,development,quality,yogic concept, transcendence.

1) Introduction:-   It seems to be illogical to have the utilisation of ego in the vibrant society . This is because, we have been informed that ego is mainly responsible as a hurdle while interacting with people, object , places and situations. It has also been informed that the ego is not a desirable element in the development of spiritual arena .

To clarify these points, i have intended to write on this subject.

After reading some spiritual books & scriptures ,it is likely some readers may have a wrong notion of the word ” ego”. The ego is viewed as a block to spiritual enlightenment with its desires and also it is viewed as an illusion which does not exist at all. It is viewed as a distraction from spiritual awakening.

But people are able to have a spiritually meaningful life while maintaining a dynamic ego. Through this blog i want to highlight the misconceptions of the meaning of ego from readers mind taking references from the book ” The ego” by James Harvey Stout and from some articles by famous psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud.

( 2 ). The General Meaning of the word ego and the importance to know the reality of ego.

Some of the general meanings we attribute to ego are self, personality, identity, individuality, behaviour etc. It is important to know the reality of ego. Because there are actually two very different ways the ego can show up : as the negative ego or the positive ego. And it is important to free ourselves from the negative ego.To all , the negative ego is developed because of emotions like angry, aggressive, bored, competitive, conceited, moody, obsessed, reactionary, greedy, ignorant, guilt, pessimism, anxiety etc .  According to Maharishi Patanjali  a great psychoanalyst  in his yogasutras mentioned the “five hindrances “( pancha klesha ) or obstacles for a healthy and balanced ego are (a) Avidya , ignorance (b) Asmita, egoism (c) Raga, craving (d) Dwesha, aversion and,(e ) Abhinivesa, clinging to life.It is important to know what is positive and healthy ego.

( 3 ).When and how this ego enters in human being :

According to an article in wikepadia ” the ego” is the organised part of the personality structure that includes defensive , perceptual or become aware of something through the senses, intellectual -cognitive and executive functions.

According to Sigmund Freud a german psychoanalyst used the word ego to a set of psychic functions such as judgement, tolerance, control, planning, defence, intellectual functioning and memory. Sigmund Freud says personality is composed of three elements known as ( a) id (b) ego and ( c) super ego. Each of these three elements of personality emerges at different points in life and they create complex human behaviours. Let us analyse the same. (a) The id is the only Component of personality that is present from birth. This aspect of personality is entirely unconscious and includes the instinctive and primitive behaviours. The id is driven by pleasure principle which makes efforts to achieve immediate gratification of all desires, wants and needs. Young infants are ruled entirely by id.  Next ( b) The Ego is the component of personality that is responsible for dealing with reality. According to Sigmund Freud, the ego develops from the id and ensures that the impulses of the id can be expressed in a manner acceptable in the real world. The ego functions in both the conscious and unconscious mind. The ego operates based on the reality principle which strives to satisfy the the id’s desires in realistic and socially appropriate ways. Freud compared the id to a horse and the ego to the horse’s rider. The horse provides the power and motion , yet the rider provides the direction and guidance.  And the last component of personality is ( c) The super ego . There are two parts of the super ego. ( 1) The ideal ego includes the rules and standards for good behaviour. These behaviours include those which are approved by parents and other authority figures like teachers. Obeying these rules leads to feelings of pride , value and accomplishment.  ( 2 ) The Conscience includes information about things that are viewed as bad by parents and society . These behaviours are often forbidden and lead to bad consequences and feelings of guilt and remorse…..  The super ego make the ego act upon idealistic standards rather than upon realistic principles. The super ego is present in the conscious and unconscious. A person with good ego strength is able to effectively manage these disruptive forces and pressures.

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The key to a healthy personality is a balance between the id – ego and the super ego. An individual with an overly dominant id, for example might become impulsive, uncontrollable or even a criminal. An overly dominant super ego , on the other hand might lead to a personality that is extremely moralistic and possibly judgemental. An excessively dominant ego can also result in problems. This individual may seem very concrete and rigid, incapable of accepting change and lacking an internal sense of right from wrong. The need of the vibrant society is to have people of healthy ego.  It has been observed that the chromosomes and genes of our ancestors also play a role in formation of id, ego and super ego. 

 ( 4 ) Benefits of having a healthy and balanced ego and how to develop it.  :  James Harvey Stout writes in his book ” The Ego ”  about the benefits of a healthy ego and how to develop it. The task is to strengthen the ego .To develop a sense of individuality, independence, self- esteem , self respect, personal boundaries , assertiveness, values , presence , conviction of opinions and perspectives, specific tastes and preferences and freedom from contrary inner psychological forces which would dominate the ego. When we have these qualities, we have an ego which can be termed well- developed , well defined. A well developed ego is beneficial in many ways.

(a) we can approach people from a position of strength and vigour than from neediness and emptiness.

( b ) we can be unpretentious. Humility is based on an accurate perception of ourselves. A well defined ego is comfortable and fulfilling.

 ( c ) we can be relatively consistent, stable and trustworthy in our behaviour. We are not exactly moved by people who try to persuade us with their opinion.

( d )  we are not overcome by external and internal influences.

( e ) we can create effective personas, because we have a clear sense of who we are and our persona can be definitive and genuine.

( f ) Even our appearance is improved with a relaxed grace , eyes alert and a smiling face.

( g ) we can seek psychological or spiritual fulfilment. 

( 5 ).To create a healthy ego, we have to enhance the following qualities.

( 1 )  Independence : we find a balance between independence and interdependence.

( 2 ) self – esteem. We believe that we have innate value.

( 3 ) Personal Boundaries :  we create a private , secure inner world, free to think , to imagine , to love and to feel.

( 4 ) Assertiveness : We practice means of expressing ourselves and to share what is ours to be shared.

(5 ) values : we discover what is important to us , and we work to achieve goals that are aligned to these values.  

( 6  ) conviction of opinion and sharing other people’s opinion.

( 7 ) Freedom from overwhelming complexes.

( 8 ) Individuality : we have relationships with people and with humanity in general,but we do not lose our sense of distinction . We have a sense of “We” in relationships, but we also have strong sense of ” I”.   We claim our adulthood by assuming the responsibilities that once belonged to our parents – the responsibilities for our protection, health , financial well being etc. 

Is there any means to develop the healthy ego ? Certainly, yes. Out of many processes or ways , yogic concept seems to be ideal one to have sustainable healthy ego in the vibrant society.

( 6 ) .Yogic concept for Balanced ego and to improve healthy ego: – Basically there are three forces which are active in our body and they are prana working in (a ) “Pingala path ( b ) Akasha ( lower mind  ) working in   “ida” path and (c ) “psychic  prana ” ( higher mind ) working in susumna path. When ever ” ida”and “pingala” path are unbalanced the characteristic of ego will be unhealthy and the same is termed as ego having a ” spectator ” character. When the forces ” ida and pingala ” path are balanced the characteristics of ego nature is healthy and is participant nature. Similarly when the susumna path is opened up then the characteristics of ego become as an observer and the same resembles with ” Soul “. This leads us to remain in present . Otherwise spectator and participant type of ego will make us to dwell in present,past and future. Where as observer type of ego makes us to remain in present whenever we are mingling with people, objects, places and situations. Yogic method can be developed with the help of simple Asana, Pranayama and Pratyahara processes for the development of participant type of ego from spectator type of ego. The participant ego is also useful for correcting the illogical and non conducive aspects of social rules by reformation. This can be developed easily by balancing our breath from both the nostrils equally with the help of pranayama. However, the development of observer ego requires higher stages of Astanga yoga and they are Concentration ( Dharana ), meditation ( Dhyana ) and dissolution at primordial point ( Samadhi ). This ( observer type ) needs meditational approach to have success in all walks of life.

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( 7 ) .We can transcend the ego:-  When we expand our sense of identity to the ” Soul ” , while maintaining the integrity of the ego, we rightly ” transcend ” the ego.Transcendence is not only for people who have attained the spiritual development , to a degree , we transcend the ego whenever we express love or we act altruistically, or we extend our identity into an association with our family or nation . The ego remains necessary to perform its psychological functions ( listed previously) . We know the ego is one type of self — – legitimate and important within its own field — but we can identify ourselves with other types of self, to benefit from their perspectives i. e  ” yes , I am a person ( an ego ) ; I am also a Soul “.

In the Upanishads the lower ego is mentioned as Jiva which identifies with body and mind and with their actions. The higher ego remains ” detached witness” to all the actions of lower ego . In the Upanishads the example is given of two birds sitting on a tree. One bird  – the  jivatma  or living entity  – is enjoying fruits of that tree , and the other bird –    Soul  is simply witnessing.

I conclude this subject on ego with Swami Vivekananda’s quote ” we become forgetful of ego when we think of the body as dedicated to the service of others – the body with which most complacently we identity the ego “.image

 

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Reprogram your mind.

Most discussions of mental reprogramming concentrates on understanding of how the mind works. Mind control or behavior control is possible . The results of social psychology experiments are often interpreted as showing our lack of proper moral judgement , which should be treated or remedied by ethics, moral classes, study of Hindu scriptures like Bhagwad Geetha , Viveka chudamani by Sri Adi Sankaracharya.

The Human mind is amazing, very powerful and complex creation of nature. It gives us the ability to recognize things, know ourselves and the world in which we live , and intelligently act and react to the problems and threats in our environment, so that we can adapt to them or change them to ensure our survival and well being. We may not always succeed in our effort or make right decisions, but we can always rise to the challenge and face unexpected situations, as we have done in the past on many occasions to improve their lives.

According to Hinduism, the instability of the mind is designed by nature or Prakriti as part of it’s maya to keep the beings deluded and distracted and they remain attracted to out world and not aware of their spiritual nature. The Bhagwad Geetha suggests the movements of our senses among scene objects are responsible for the disturbance of our minds.

Modern psychologists suggests that people are taught that things are good/ bad, persons are black/ white, persons are Christians / Muslim/ Hindu and so on . People become automated. One of the main aims of psychology should be to de-automate people.  If one wants relaxation and happy life one must change his mind, not the outside world or other people. A happy and healthy life comes from changing the mind and it’s reactions to the outside world. One can spend the rest of one’s life seeking happiness in the outside world , but if the mind retains it’s present programming one will never find happiness. Meditate and reprogram your mind if you want a healthy and disease – free life. Modify the mental program that was put into your Brain by faults in your upbringing , as this is the cause of all your unhappiness.

We seek happiness through making money , obtaining status , chasing after so many other things that give temporary pleasure. We try gain happiness through satisfying or boosting our ego. It makes us use other people for our own selfish ends. If they come in our way we use all kinds of ways of pushing them out of our way. The result is hatred, fear, jealousy, anxiety, tension and so on. We can reprogram ourselves so that we react in a different way so that we don’t depend on ego trips and desires for happiness which is temporary.

Inside your head you have the most remarkable computer ever devised. The Brain is the most powerful organ in the body – in it are trillions of neurons that send messages to one another. These neurons analyze, interpret, compare, store information that comes from outside world.  It is capable of handling millions of bits of information in the form of audible and visual sensations , together with sense data from every part of the body  every second. Yet you are not aware of most of this activity , it happens in the subconscious field of the mind.

There are three levels of the mind.  The Conscious, subconscious and the unconscious.  Conscious mind is like the tip of the iceberg that can be seen. The conscious level is  but a small part of our Brain, and that major foundations are actually the subconscious and unconscious.

 

Conscious mind does critical thinking, logical thinking, decision making, will power.

Subconscious mind contains memories, beliefs, values, habits, imagination, and intuitions. You can actually Train or  Program your subconscious mind to help you achieve success in life. 

(1) Relaxing is the key to activating the subconscious mind. Meditation plays a vital role in reprogramming the subconscious mind, because it helps to still the mind. In this state your brain becomes more receptive, it becomes fertile ground for whatever you want to ” implant ” into the mind. Your conscious mind engages in the activities of writing powerful goals and developing affirmation. To have those seeds take root and flourish into reality, we have to get those words and images soaked deep into ours subconscious  mind. Placing yourself in a meditative state is an excellent way to help that process.

How Meditation helps :- Negative thoughts affect the majority of people from time to time . You need to be able to recognize when they are taking over and affecting the way in which you interact with the people around you. Learning some techniques to deal with the negative thoughts and and get rid of them is extremely important, especially in today’s modern , fast paced world.    Meditation is extremely useful to encourage a sense of well being and positivism. It encourages the production of Endorphin.  It helps to reduce the instances of negative thoughts. Meditation also encourages the production of the chemical ” DHEA” which helps to combat the symptoms of depression. Depression can lead to negative thoughts and vice versa. So it is best to try and work on reducing the negative thoughts before they turn into bigger issue. Another chemical that is boosted by meditation is ” GABA” which helps to stabilize your mood.  Serotonin levels may also be increased which can help to reduce negative thoughts. Try to focus on the positive thoughts about the situation.

 

(2) Positive self- talk :-  Your subconscious mind will believe whatever you tell it most. Therefore you must spend time each day intentionally speaking positive self-talk to yourself. It is only through repetition that your subconscious mind will adopt it’s new programming.  Then and only then will you begin to change the autopilot of your mind to think those new positive thoughts automatically.

(3) Auto suggestion :-  Everyone has phobias , complexes, emotional stresses and so on which make the mind continually tense.  If we think negatively in life , then our life will become negative. If we think positively, then we will surely become positively inclined. The practitioner of autosuggestion will find that his or her problems , phobias fears etc slowly show themselves as more awareness is developed through yoga and meditation. The  best time to make the auto-suggestions are after meditation practices or when just waking up in the morning and just before going to sleep at night.  Here are some examples of affirmations.    1) I am a genius and use my mind , talents and abilities to produce wealth. (2)  I am living a life of Divine purpose and destiny. (3) I am emotionally, mentally and psychologically sound.

Remember that the mind can be reprogrammed. There is a saying  :  ” As we think , so we become “. We have the ability to reprogram our mind . Let us program our mind which allows us a harmonious way of life and allow us to expand our Consciousness.image

 

References used from:  (1)  Hindu website.com by Sri Jayaram V. (2) From Book titled “Meditations from the Tantras”.  Page no : 48   By  swami Sri Satyananda saraswati. ( 3 ) From website ” operation meditation ” – how to get rid of negative thoughts.

Potential, Aptitude & Attitude.

Potential + Aptitude = Enhanced Potential 

Potential + Attitude = Enhanced Performance

Only a person who has both the right attitude and the aptitude will be able to grow consistently in professional life. While aptitude enhances the potential , only attitude enhances the performance. In effect , aptitude shapes the professional and attitude shapes the person behind the professional.

With right attitude, even low potential can be converted into high performance. 

Organisations no longer evaluate the professionals based only on the potential in them . The basis of evaluation has shifted from potential to performance. Further, they not only look for enhancement in performance all the time but also enhancement in the potential so that the professional can handle larger responsibilities.

 

Tailpiece : Success should never feed your ego , but must always feed your sense of responsibility. Success is not a status . It is a responsibility.

I have noted down the above inspiring piece from an article by name ” frozen thoughts” – ” Awakening ”  from a magazine . Iam not the author .

A Prayer to the universal teacher.

Reference to teacher here is to life.

O’ Teacher, as I awake and arise each day , teach me to be humble. Teach me to respect another life and to accept that just as Iam entitled to my opinion , others are too. Teach me , o’ teacher to contribute selflessly and without expectation. Teach me to forgive ever act of unkindness and injustice to me.Teach me to forget and unlearn what may not be relevant to me as I journey along . Teach me 0′ teacher to conquer anger and to attain that state of Ahimsa when all violence inside me subsidies and true love prevails . Teach me to avoid hatred and jealousy. Teach me to resist ruinous temptations and to employ discretion at times when I may waver. Teach me to soak in and converse with the silence that engulps me and for me to discover the real me in it . Teach me to lead a life of action , to live in this world  , skillfully and selflessly and yet be above it . Teach me o’ teacher to remain detached from the fruits of my actions , and to know that if the MOTIVE IS PURE and the MEANS are CORRECT , in the end , it will be fine , if i do my best and leave you the rest . Teach me to remain ever grateful to you ,o’ teacher , for this life and experience.

The above prayer i read in ‘The New Indian Express ‘ news paper written by AVIS.

It is amazing experience praying with this clarity and understanding. Everyday , I carve out a 15 to 20 minutes private space , when i concentrate on this prayer and say it with all my heart , I hold on to each word as I say the prayer, making my heart and mind  – both understand the significance of each word in the context of the day just past or the day in progress. The benefits have been huge . I am no longer provoked  easily, i enjoy a perfect state of equilibrium with in me , anchored with a rare energy inside. I don’t even by accident , abuse anyone in thought or with words. And the quality of my life  though besieged with it’s own share of daily , wordly challenges  – has been enriched beyond compare.

Your words create your world.

It is the mindset of a champion that provides him the winning edge. To lift yourself you have to change the way you think and feel. By changing your vocabulary, you change the quality of your thoughts. 

To know the power of words , just utter the following words and observe the feelings it kindles in you.  Flowers, rainbow, Buddha, nun, baby , sunrise, mango , love, friend, gift, top of the world ……  Now utter the following words and observe the feelings it kindles in you.  Graveyard,thorn, volcano, Hitler, hospital , desert, betrayal, crisis , pulling on ……  . Did you observe that uttering different patterns of words creates a different patterns of feelings in you. 

Your words have in them the power to make you or break you. True , your attitude is shaped by your thinking and your thinking itself is shaped by the words that you use. Positive thinking can be developed only by using positive vocabulary. Learn the words that encourage and build a healthy self image.Your mind and heart should be the seat of your peace and not the seat of someone or something that keeps disturbing you. Nothing at the cost of your peace.

Your within can either be a Basket of Fragrant Flowers or a vessel of Acid ?.  When you let go the source of hurt , you experiance an inner flowering. Else, you keep self destructing yourself like how acid would destroy the vessel , which contains it. 

People hurt you out of their ignorance and their immaturity. And , you allow yourself to be hurt out of your ignorance and your immaturity. 

We can not control the ignorance and immaturity of the world. But we can do something about our side of the story. The fact of the matter is that between the hater and the hated it is always the hater who gets hurt more . While your hatred may do nothing to the other , it certainly gives you sleepless nights, builds ulcer and acidity in you ,keeps you constantly agitated, and above all does not allow you to be at Peace with yourself.  So , what do you get out of living with hurt ?. So what is the point in reliving hurt ?. Nobody gains and for sure you definitely loose . Why will you live with something as meaning less as hurt ? .

In a physical sence , people or event that hurts you happen once . But your rewind and replay the hurt a million times. The more you process it , the deeper it hurts . The Only reason you may be living with hurt is that you do not understand the value of your peace. You have given a source of disturbance a higher presence with in you than your peace . That’s why I say you allow yourself to be hurt out of your own ignorance and immaturity. 

If at all anything or anybody is wrong , let them continue to live outside of you. Don’give them a presence with in your mind and heart. Let your mind and heart  house only those who are a source of your peace . The rest , let them Go.

In letting go of your hurt , you will be letting in Peace. A Peaceful you is a beautiful you. The good news is , you can be beautiful . The very good news is , it is in your hands. See , even the thought of ” Let Go ” is getting you the smile,

 And finally i suggest to my all beloved readers a book by name “Let Go ” – Discover lasting happiness “. Written by Prof. A. Satyanarayana sastry garu to read .

Some of the important  findings of this book are 1. Analysis of mind (2) Happiness (3) Sukha – Duhkha pariksha (4) Material happiness – Eternal Happiness (5) omkara upasana (6) subh karma ( 7) concept of Brahman .

 

It is in givingat we receive.

I read the inspirational message with the above title in some magazine written by an unknown author , long time back . I found it very inspiring and want to share it with you all.

What is our’s that we are giving when the reality is that we came into this world empty handed ?. Nothing really belongs to us, not even our body for even that will be left behind. So what’s that one can actually give ?. Real giving is in giving oneself selflessly. The common underlying factor with all noble people is that they do not expect anything in return. They believe in only one thing . It is in giving that we receive. True giving is giving without any expectation. Then what to do with our expectations ? . Simple, let us turn it on ourselves. Let us expect from ourselves to be producers for the rest of our life and not consumers. In giving , the actual receiver is ourselves – as we receive abundant joy, happiness , faith, trust and most importantly Love. If while giving you feel you have lost something , then it is painful giving and that is not true giving. More over if our intentions are not clean and clear then definitely it will not create everlasting happiness for both the giver and the receiver. 

More than anything materialistic , we can give love , joy and happiness. The means can be a flower , a card, a smile or just an oral compliment . We can give respect and dignity to a human being. We can give new life to people by just listening to them , understanding them and then motivating them  .  True givers give silently  . They do not go bragging about it. Silent givers live in the hearts of other people.

Pancha koshas – Atman

The knowledge of our true self is present in our Hindu scriptures Vedas and Upanishads given by our sages. With a desire to have this knowledge and understand our true self and to make use of this knowledge in our daily life to  reach a balanced state with my true self  ; i am  reading books on spirituality , like Swami Vivekananda’s complete works , commentaries on upanishads by disciples of Swami Chinmayananda , commentaries on Bhagwad Geeta . I felt it is more useful, if i start putting this information in a written form so that this will register  firmly in my mind and also i can share this knowledge with my friends and this Sankalp made me to write in the form of  a Blog  named, “urtrueself”. In this connection i have written earlier on subjects named

(1) Moksha – Hindu philosophy

(2) Prana – Pranayama.

Now on a subject Pancha koshas – Atman. Swami Vivekananda stressed the need of developing knowledge of Pancha koshas and there by to realize Atman.

imageA true understanding of the relationship between Atman and Brahman can be obtained only by removing the veil of ignorance caused by the Pancha koshas ( five sheaths ) which hide the real nature of Atman . Taitriya upanishad tells us about Pancha kosha viveka , to help discriminate between the self ( Atman) and the non- self   (Anatma). We need to identify each of these five koshas properly in right perspective and thus negate our belief that these koshas are our real self and thereby this “viveks” helps us to reveal Atma which is beyond these Pancha koshas .

The yogis define our body as having five sheaths , each one contained with in the other.

imageHuman body has three bodies where all these five koshas reside.

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(1) Gross body ( Sthula sharira )

(2) Subtle body ( Astral body or Sukshma sharira )

(3) Causal body ( Karan sharira ).

Body , mind and soul are interconnected . Therefore a person is a combination of the above mentioned three bodies and in these three bodies reside the five koshas.

Annamaya kosha :  This kosha is the gross , physical body. This sheath ( kosha) is nourished and sustained by intake of  food. It includes five organs of action ( Karmendriyas). Living through this layer ,  man identifies himself with a mass of skin, flesh, fat, bones and filth. Purification and development of  annamaya kosha  is possible through the methods of fasting , physical asanas and practice of austerity. All medicines prescribed in modern medicine like Allopathy medicine work on this kosha.   We have to free our soul from the attachment and identification with this Annamaya kosha or the physical body . It is the first objective of spirituality.

There are reasons for us to believe the truth that we are not this physical body . It is an ” object ” of our consciousness. We as a subject  objectify our body , so we are naturally something different from this body. We all aware that subject is always different from object. More over , when a person dies , there was something which was present in a body a short time ago  is no more. So it is evident that there is some “I ” which is different from this body. That which always is and that which is not left , that which is not object but exists as “knower” of all objects , it alone can be called as the ” subject” or “I ”  – the Atma .

Pranamaya kosha :  This kosha is made of prana or life force.  This prana is a part of cosmic life. This prana is responsible for the action of the karmendriyas and sense organs. Pranamaya kosha is the energy surrounding the Annamaya kosha .  Pranamaya kosha is purified through pranayama . By the yogic practice we make this kosha active to work along with other koshas whenever need of prana ( vital force ) is felt . It is observed that a person who is in practice of yoga is cured easily  compared to a non – practitioner of yoga.  Acupuncture, Reki and magneto therapy seem to be working on this kosha . Homeopathy medicine in moderate potency also work on this kosha . Though this kosha is very important it is only a kosha ( veil, sheath , cover ) , not our real self . This kosha has neither intelligence or feelings . More over it has to be regulated by a conscious entity . Prana is directly connected with our Mind . It is subtler than Annamaya kosha . Prana is sometimes active and some times dull . It changes. Prana is incapable of feeling or understanding things . Where as Atman  is intelligence . Atman is chatanya swaroopa. The self (Atman) is knower, seer and witness of the kosha . Hence there should be no identification of the soul with pranamaya kosha.

Manomaya kosha : This kosha consists of the mind and the five Jnanendriyas .  This kosha is a means of enjoying pleasure and pain . It is an internal instrument for gaining the experience and knowledge of this world. Mind is associated with vrittis or waves of lust , anger etc ; and it constantly changes itself. Where as Atman is nirvikari . Atman is changeless . Hence soul can not be identified with manomaya kosha . Manomaya kosha is  that layer  of our personality which is called as mind . We have an inner instrument that is called Antaha karna . This has two parts   –  the mind and the intellect.  The former is a part of manomaya kosha and the latter is part of  Vigyanamaya  kosha . Treatments like aroma , music and colour therapy and homeopathic medicine in higher potencies work on this manomaya kosha.  Starting from annamaya kosha the five koshas are progressively subtler.

Vijnanmaya kosha : This kosha consists of the Intellect.  Manomaya kosha and vijnanamaya kosha constitute the subtle body. Buddhi or intellect is an intellegent equipment . We can reflect and deliberate on any thought.  The feeling of me  and mine  and the faculty of intelligence  are the qualities of this kosha . This kosha is  a product of sattwa guna . But it can not be the self shining pure Atman . This kosha is not self luminious . It is a limited thing. It is not constantly present . therefore it can not be taken for the eternal , real Atman. Meditation , all kinds of reasoning  and counselling act on this kosha.

Anandmaya kosha :  This kosha  causes blissful experiance of sushpti or deep sleep.  This kosha is in happiness from the mere sight of a desired object  and is in happiness when one gets the desired object. It keeps us in happy scenario of indriyas. In the dreaming and waking states  it has only partial operation, caused by the sight of pleasant objects . The  attributes of the Anandmaya kosha are falsely attributed to the Atman .The Anandmaya kosha can not be the Atman  because this kosha is endowed with changeful attributes . This kosha constitutes the causal body . Man generally says ” I’m happy , I’m peaceful , I’m contented and I am the enjoyer .  The Atman is entirely distinct from  this anandmaya kosha .  The Atman is the knower of this kosha .

This means that the body, the prana , the mind , the intellect are different from the Atman , the real ” I ” .   Vedas provides the way to eliminate our ignorance with the help of veda vakya  ” Neti – Neti ” concept. You can clearly understand by the practice of Neti , a continuous process of elimination that the body , prana , mind  etc are NOT the Soul or Atman but belong to it.  All this illusion has arisen in men on account of ignorance and non- discrimination between the Eternal Atman and illusory five koshas .  The five koshas can not be pure , self existent, self – luminous Atman . It is impossible for the people of Gross intellect to differentiate Atman from the five koshas, yet it  is possible for a man of subtle intellect to differentiate between them .  Just as the illusion of the Snake vanishes when the knowledge of rope is attained, so also the koshas gets eliminated or removed  when knowledge of Atman is attained.

Furthur Veda vakya suggests that we should adopt the process of  ” Charaivethi – Charaivethi ” ( move forward- move forward)  to realize Atman, and here yoga  and   Meditation comes to us as a helping tool .